Quebec City was founded in 1608 and now contains a population of 542,298 (2017) Quebec City is that the capital of the province of Quebec, it’s located on the North Shore of the St. Lawrence River. The name “ Quebec “ probably comes from an Algonquian signified “ narrowing of the river “.
Several thousand years before the arrival of the Europeans, the provincial capital was occupied by Indigenous fishermen and hunters. Between 1960 and 1980, the expansion of the provincial government accelerated the expansion of the town and its suburbs and gave emphasis to the relative importance of its an administrative function. However, since the 1980s and 1990s, this trend leveled off to somewhat because of cuts in government services. the town has continued to develop as a cultural center and tourist destination.
In the 17th century, the inhabitants of provincial capital first occupied the land between the promontory and therefore the port, so the promontory itself, following within the wake of the religious institutions and colonial administration that occupied Upper Town. This expansion was influenced by the development of and enhancements to the town’s fortifications, which were established within the Upper Town but also on the banks of the river. During the 19th century, the town broke out of its fortified confines and stretched westward on the promontory along the banks of the Riviere Saint-Charles and to the foot of the north face of the promontory. These new parts of town were built hastily and of wood, and fell victim to a variety of major fires. The result was major reconstruction and improved protective infrastructures.
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Quebec was the capital of the French empire in North America for several years, it had been little quite an oversized village. In 1608 it had 28 inhabitants, and by the time of the conquest in 1759, its population exceeded 8,000. the expansion was fast within the half of the 19th century, and by 1861 it had nearly 60,000 inhabitants. the expansion resulted from the economic expansion related to the timber trade and also the important political and administrative activities centered within the city. The old city lacked residential space. Only with the amalgamation of small outlying municipalities did its population begin to grow at the start of the 20th century. Metropolitan Québec grew faster from the 1950s until the tip of the 1970s, especially within the new suburbs. within the early 1980s, this growth again slowed, partly as a result of the stabilization of growth within the province overall. in step with the 2011 census, the population of the town itself was 516,622. If we increase this to the populations of the suburbs of Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures (18,141) and L’Ancienne-Lorette (16,745), the whole population in 2011 was 551,508. this suggests that the population had grown by 25,000 over a five-year period, reflecting significant job market growth.
Economy, Transportation and Labour Force
The early economy of Quebec city was directly dependent upon its activities as a transit port for basic products exported to Europe (furs, cereals and lumber) and for imported manufactured products. The expansion of this trade enabled Quebec to keep up a competitive position with Montreal because the major trading centre of the province until the mid-19th century. within the middle of the 19th century, the town went through a technological revolution, particularly within the footwear industry, which gradually became the biggest source of employment for the region. the town was unable to keep up growth in its manufacturing sector, and also the footwear industry declined within the 1920s. although various other concerns appeared and disappeared, and offered employment to a big number of individuals, they failed to manage to diversify the city’s industrial base. The industries concerned included shipbuilding, breweries, corsetry, tobacco products, munitions, pulp and paper. Most jobs in the provincial capital are concentrated publicly administration, defence, the industry, insurance, commerce, and transport. Around 10 percent of jobs are in manufacturing. the town benefits from its status because of the city and therefore the regional administrative and services centre. It also attracts an increasing number of tourists.
Government And Politics
From 1765 to 1833, and from 1835 to 1840, the town was administered by a commission of justices of the peace appointed by the governor and composed largely of landowners, Canadian professionals, and British merchants. From 1833 to 1856, and 1870 to 1908, the mayor was elected by the reeves and councilors, and so directly by citizens by ballot from 1856 to 1870 and after 1908. the number of reeves, councilors, and districts changed on many occasions as a result of annexations, particularly those of annexations, particularly those of Saint-Sauveur (1889), Saint-Melo (1908), Limoilou (1909), Montcalm (1913), Notre-Dame-des-Anges (1924), Les Saules (1969), Duberger (1970), Neufchatel (1971) and Charlesbourg Ouest (1973).
Cultural Life of Quebec City
The city remains a significant center of French culture and therefore the seat of the sole francophone government in North America. additionally, to conserving these traditions, it’s managed to keep up a greater cultural homogeneity than Montréal, the opposite major pole of French culture. Its teaching institutions include the Séminaire de Québec and Université Laval. The historical character of Quebec City is reflected within the architecture of the old city, which has been the topic of major restorations and has become the positioning of outstanding museums. In 1985, this a part of town was recognized as a global organization World Heritage Site. The Musée du Québec was renamed the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec in 2002. it’s collections of ancient and modern works and is an element of an outsized urban park, the Plains of Abraham, or Parc des Champs-de-Bataille, which commemorates the battle resulting in the autumn of the town in 1759. A variety of downhill and cross-country ski centers, including Mont Sainte-Anne, Stoneham, and Lac-Beauport, are located within some minutes of town.
After having great minor league hockey teams for many years, Québec City entered the realm of major league hockey with the Québec Nordiques who were members of the National Hockey League (NHL) from 1979 to 1995. Tourists and residents are attracted by a lot of popular events: the Québec Winter Carnival, the Québec City International Summer Festival and a number of major anniversaries, including the 300th anniversary of the founding of Québec City in 1908, the 375th in 1983, the 400th in 2008, and the 450th anniversary of Jacques Cartier’s arrival in 1984.